Basil Italian Large Leaf
Basil Italian Large Leaf
Basil Italian Large Leaf
Basil Italian Large Leaf
Basil Italian Large Leaf
Basil Italian Large Leaf
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Basil Italian Large Leaf

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The most popular of basil varieties! A must have Genovese Basil variety due to its aroma and rich flavors. The extra-large leaves makes it a staple ingredient of the culinary world. Literally you can smell this basil way before it can be spotted in the garden. The Italian large leaf basil serves for dual purpose, A must have ingredient in the culinary world and as a natural repellent to keep away from pests like Aphids, Hornworms and mites in the garden. The variety produces satisfying yield throughout summer.

Typical Genovese Basils are bushy and grows to an average height of about 36 inches. The leaves are shiny, dark green and grows up to 3 inches long on a tall, erect plant that is slow to bolt. Small pink flowers will bud out in summer; pinch the new buds away if you want to harvest more of the leaves. 

Italian Large Leaf (Basilicum), is a perennial but grown as annual in most of the region and grows best in zones 4-10.

Planting

  • Kickstart the seeds indoors 6 weeks before the last spring frost.
  • Basil prefers warmer temperature, wait until the soil has warmed to at least 50°F (daytime and night time temperatures). Basil grows best when the outside temperature reaches 70⁰F.
  • Basil prefers full sun and grows best in a location that gets 6 to 8 hrs of full sun daily. They do well in partial sun locations as well.
  • Soil should be moist but well-drained. Basil grows well in containers or raised beds, as these allow for better drainage.
  • Companion plants: Tomatoes make great companion for basil plants in the garden.

 Care

  • Basil plants like moisture, mulching helps cool the plant (during host days) and ensure even moisture.
  • Pruning helps branches multiply and more harvest. Simply trim the tips after every six sets of leaves
  • Every time a branch has six to eight leaves, repeat pruning the branches back to their first set of leaves.

Harvest

  • Start picking the leaves of basil when the plants reach about 8 inches tall.
  • Leaves are most flavorful before sunrise, harvest early morning for the best taste. Pick the leaves regularly to encourage growth throughout the summer.

Pests / Diseases

Root Knot Nematode: Galls on roots which can be up to 1 inch in diameter but are usually smaller; reduction in plant vigor; yellowing plants which wilt in hot weather.

Control / Prevention: Plant resistant varieties if nematodes are known to be present in the soil; check roots of plants mid-season or sooner if symptoms indicate nematodes; solarizing soil can reduce nematode populations in the soil.

Aphids: Yellow leaves; distorted flowers/fruit; sticky “honeydew”; sooty, black mold that forms on honeydew; large presence of ants on plants.

Control / Prevention: Grow companion plants to either repel aphids away; knock aphids off plants with water spray, apply insecticidal soap; put banana or orange peel around plants; wipe leaves with a 1-2% solution of liquid dish soap, water every 2-3 days for 2 weeks. 

Leafminers: Thin, white, winding trails on leaves; heavy mining can result in white blotches on leaves and leaves dropping from the plant prematurely; early infestation can cause fruit yield to be reduced.

Control / Prevention: Check transplants for signs of leafminer damage prior to planting; remove plants from soil immediately after harvest; only use insecticides when leafminer damage has been identified as unnecessary spraying will also reduce populations of their natural enemies.

Flea Beetles: Numerous tiny holes in leaves.

Control / Prevention: Use row covers to physically block flea beetles; mulch heavily; add native plants to attract beneficial insect predators.

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