• Germination Days: 7-14
  • Hardiness Zone:All
  • Planting Depth:1/2"
  • Plant Spacing:18"
  • Row Spacing:2'
  • Growth Habit:Upright
  • Soil Preference:Moist, rich in organic matter, 6.5 - 6.8 pH
  • Temp Preference:Warmer
  • Light Preference:Full or partial sun
  • Days to Maturity:50-60 days



Kale is a cold-hardy veggie that can be planted in early spring/autumn. Cool weather brings out the sweet, nutty flavor of this highly nutritious plant. Small plants can be set out about 4 weeks before spring last frost.

Kale is versatile in the garden, can be growing on the ground bed, raised beds or containers.


  • Kale can be set out in the garden 3 to 5 weeks before the spring last frost. It is best to provide cover protection (floating row covers) in case the temperature falls below 20 ⁰F.
  • Kale does best in full sun but tolerates partial shade.
  • The soil pH should be 6.5 to 6.8 for an optimal growth and discourage disease.
  • Soil needs to drain well and also be enriched for tender leaves.  When planting, add fertilizer.
  • If you’re planting seeds, sow about 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep into well-drained, light soil. Once the seedlings germinate and after about 2 weeks, thin the seedlings so that they are spaced about 12 inches apart.
  • You can harvest it until the ground freezes in winter. Kale leaves have a better flavor after a couple frosts.
  • In fall, kale can be planted 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost for fall and winter harvests.


  • Kale is a decent feeder, regularly feed kale with a continuous-release plant food.
  • Kale prefers even moisture. Water 1 to 1.5 inches of water each week. 
  • Mulch the soil to keep down the weeds and keep kale cool as kale won’t grow in hot weather. 

Pests / Diseases

  • Cabbagewormsare a common pest. Chewed holes on the leaves are evidence of cabbage worm attack.
  • Aphids, there can be easily removed by spraying insecticidal soap or neem oil.
  • Flea beetles


  • You can harvest leaves at any stage, typically leaves are harvested when they are about 6 inches.
  • Harvesting old leaves first from the lowest section of the plant helps in continuous growing for future harvests. Avoid clipping the terminal bud where the new leaves grow.

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published