Bell Peppers

  • Germination Days: 14-21
  • Planting Depth:1/2”
  • Plant Spacing:12”
  • Row Spacing:24”
  • Growth Habit:upright
  • Soil Preference:moist, 6.5-7 pH
  • Temp Preference:warm
  • Light Preference:full sun, or partial shade in warmer climates
  • Days to Maturity:75


  • Recommended to start seeds indoors rather than in the garden.
  • The soil temperature must be at least 70°F for seed germination, so keep them in a warm area for the best results. Use a heat pad under the seed tray, if necessary.
  • Plant seeds about 1/4 inch deep.
  • Start seeds indoors 8-10 weeks before your last spring frost date.
  • Bell peppers require a fairly long growing season (60 to 90 days), so it’s best to get them started indoors.
  • Bell Pepper plants require full sun to produce the largest and healthiest fruit, so pick a site that won’t get shaded out by trees or other garden plants.
  • Soil should be well-draining and rich in organic matter. 
  • A soil consistency somewhere between sandy and loamy will ensure that the soil drains well and warms quickly. 
  • Soil pH should be slightly on the acidic side, 5.5 to 6.5 ideally.
  • A week before transplanting peppers into the garden, introduce fertilizer or aged compost into your garden soil.
  • Avoid planting peppers in places where you’ve recently grown other members of the nightshade family such as tomatoes, potatoes, or eggplants as this can expose peppers to disease.


  • Begin to harden off plants about 10 days before transplanting outdoors.
  • Once nighttime temperatures reach at least 60°F, transplant seedlings outdoors, space them 18” to 24” apart.
  • Plant the transplants no deeper than they were already; otherwise, the stems may become susceptible to rot.
  • Soil temperature should be at least 65°F, as peppers will not survive transplanting at temps any colder. Northern gardeners can warm up the soil by covering it with black plastic.


  • Soil should be well drained, but be sure to maintain adequate moisture either with mulch or plastic covering.
  • Water one to two inches per week, but remember that peppers are extremely heat sensitive. If you live in a warm or desert climate, watering everyday may be necessary.
  • Fertilize after the first fruit set. Peppers love fish emulsion, consider feeding once every two weeks.
  • Weed carefully around plants to avoid disturbing roots.
  • If necessary, support plants with cages or stakes to prevent bending. Try commercially available cone-shaped wire tomato cages.

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